Bauhaus Architecture Design

August 14, 2018 5:45 am by ramsaystirling
Avraham soskin house 12 lilienblum street by zeev rechter 1933
Modern architecture with bauhaus inspired elements
Bauhaus Architecture Design

Work from Bauhaus artists and designers including Walter Gropius, Marianne Brandt and Wassily Kandinsky is on display at the Vitra Design Museum in Germany (+ slideshow). More

Dan Howarth | 30 October 2013 | 5 comments Bauhaus: art as life by Carmody Groarke and A Practice For Everyday Life

News: a competition will be launched next week to design a new Bauhaus Museum in Dessau, where the famous German art and design school was based between 1925 and 1932. More

Bauhaus Erik Spiekermann enlists students to create digital fonts from unfinished Bauhaus designs

Gropius was not necessarily against Expressionism, and in fact himself in the same 1919 pamphlet proclaiming this “new guild of craftsmen, without the class snobbery,” described “painting and sculpture rising to heaven out of the hands of a million craftsmen, the crystal symbol of the new faith of the future.” By 1923 however, Gropius was no longer evoking images of soaring Romanesque cathedrals and the craft-driven aesthetic of the “Völkisch movement”, instead declaring “we want an architecture adapted to our world of machines, radios and fast cars.”[15] Gropius argued that a new period of history had begun with the end of the war. He wanted to create a new architectural style to reflect this new era. His style in architecture and consumer goods was to be functional, cheap and consistent with mass production. To these ends, Gropius wanted to reunite art and craft to arrive at high-end functional products with artistic merit. The Bauhaus issued a magazine called Bauhaus and a series of books called “Bauhausbücher”. Since the Weimar Republic lacked the quantity of raw materials available to the United States and Great Britain, it had to rely on the proficiency of a skilled labor force and an ability to export innovative and high quality goods. Therefore, designers were needed and so was a new type of art education. The school’s philosophy stated that the artist should be trained to work with the industry.[16][17]

Alyn Griffiths | 29 May 2014 | 13 comments Bauhaus opens its dorms to paying guests

Amy Frearson | 26 February 2015 | Leave a comment Bauhaus Masters’ Houses reinterpreted by Bruno Fioretti Marquez

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The Vkhutemas, the Russian state art and technical school founded in 1920 in Moscow, has been compared to Bauhaus. Founded a year after the Bauhaus school, Vkhutemas has close parallels to the German Bauhaus in its intent, organization and scope. The two schools were the first to train artist-designers in a modern manner.[7] Both schools were state-sponsored initiatives to merge the craft tradition with modern technology, with a basic course in aesthetic principles, courses in color theory, industrial design, and architecture.[7] Vkhutemas was a larger school than the Bauhaus,[8] but it was less publicised outside the Soviet Union and consequently, is less familiar in the West.[9]

Art Deco architecture Bauhaus Archive Bauhaus Center Tel Aviv Bauhaus Dessau Foundation Bauhaus Museum, Tel Aviv Bauhaus Museum, Weimar Constructivist architecture Expressionist architecture Form follows function Haus am Horn IIT Institute of Design International style (architecture) Max-Liebling House, Tel Aviv Modern architecture Neues Sehen (New Vision) New Objectivity (architecture) Ulm School of Design Footnotes[edit] a The closure, and the response of Mies van der Rohe, is fully documented in Elaine Hochman’s Architects of Fortune.

References[edit] Bibliography[edit] Oskar Schlemmer. Tut Schlemmer, Editor. The Letters and Diaries of Oskar Schlemmer. Translated by Krishna Winston. Wesleyan University Press, 1972. ISBN 0-8195-4047-1 Stefan Boness, “Tel Aviv – The White City”, Jovis, Berlin 2012, ISBN 978-3-939633-75-4 Magdalena Droste, Peter Gossel, Editors.

Bauhaus, Taschen America LLC, 2005. ISBN 3-8228-3649-4 Marty Bax. Bauhaus Lecture Notes 1930–1933. Theory and practice of architectural training at the Bauhaus, based on the lecture notes made by the Dutch ex-Bauhaus student and architect J.

J. van der Linden of the Mies van der Rohe curriculum. Amsterdam, Architectura & Natura 1991. ISBN 90-71570-04-5 Anja Baumhoff, The Gendered World of the Bauhaus. The Politics of Power at the Weimar Republic’s Premier Art Institute, 1919–1931.

Peter Lang, Frankfurt, New York 2001. ISBN 3-631-37945-5 Boris Friedewald, Bauhaus, Prestel, Munich, London, New York 2009. ISBN 978-3-7913-4200-9 Catherine Weill-Rochant, “Bauhaus”: Architektur in Tel Aviv, Rita H.

Gans. Ed., Kiriat Yearim, Zurich, 2008 (German and French) ‘The Tel-Aviv School : a constrained rationalism’ (Catherine Weill-Rochant)DOCOMOMO journal (Documentation and conservation of buildings, sites and neighbourhoods of the modern movement), April 2009.

Peder Anker (1 January 2010). From Bauhaus to Ecohouse: A History of Ecological Design. LSU Press. ISBN 978-0-8071-3551-8. Retrieved 15 May 2011.  Kirsten Baumann: “Bauhaus Dessau: Architecture Design Concept”, JOVIS Verlag Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-939633-11-2 Monika Markgraf (Ed.

): “Archaeology of Modernism: Renovation Bauhaus Dessau”, JOVIS Verlag Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-936314-83-0 Torsten Blume / Burghard Duhm (Eds.): “Bauhaus.Theatre.Dessau: Change of Scene”, JOVIS Verlag Berlin, ISBN 978-3-936314-81-6 Eric Cimino.

Student Life at the Bauhaus, 1919-1933. M.A. Thesis, UMass-Boston, 2003.  External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bauhaus. Look up Bauhaus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Library resources about Bauhaus Resources in your library Resources in other libraries 100 years of Bauhaus Bauhaus at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Tate art glossary definition for Bauhaus Manifesto of the Staatliches Bauhaus by Walter Gropius Fostinum: Photographs and art from the Bauhaus Finding Aid for archive of Bauhaus student work, 1919–1933 Finding Aid for archive of Bauhaus typography collection, 1919–1937

People who were educated, or who taught or worked in other capacities, at the Bauhaus.

But Meyer also generated a great deal of conflict. As a radical functionalist, he had no patience with the aesthetic program, and forced the resignations of Herbert Bayer, Marcel Breuer, and other long-time instructors. Even though Meyer shifted the orientation of the school further to the left than it had been under Gropius, he didn’t want the school to become a tool of left-wing party politics. He prevented the formation of a student communist cell, and in the increasingly dangerous political atmosphere, this became a threat to the existence of the Dessau school. Dessau mayor Fritz Hesse fired him in the summer of 1930.[22] The Dessau city council attempted to convince Gropius to return as head of the school, but Gropius instead suggested Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Mies was appointed in 1930, and immediately interviewed each student, dismissing those that he deemed uncommitted. Mies halted the school’s manufacture of goods so that the school could focus on teaching. Mies appointed no new faculty other than his close confidant Lilly Reich. By 1931, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party) was becoming more influential in German politics. When they gained control of the Dessau City Council they moved to close the school.[23]

In late 1932, Mies rented a derelict factory in Berlin (Birkbusch Street 49) to use as the new Bauhaus with his own money. The students and faculty rehabilitated the building, painting the interior white. The school operated for ten months without further interference from the Nazi Party. In 1933, the Gestapo closed down the Berlin school. Mies protested the decision, eventually speaking to the head of the Gestapo, who agreed to allow the school to re-open. However, shortly after receiving a letter permitting the opening of the Bauhaus, Mies and the other faculty agreed to voluntarily shut down the school[when?].[23]

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Construction has begun on the new Bauhaus Museum Dessau by Barcelona architecture firm Gonzalez Hinz Zabala, which saw off competition from New York practice Young & Ayata to win the project. More

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Alyn Griffiths | 17 June 2017 | 8 comments India Mahdavi references Bauhaus geometry with patterned interior for Berlin’s KaDeWe

The Bauhaus was founded at a time when the German zeitgeist had turned from emotional Expressionism to the matter-of-fact New Objectivity. An entire group of working architects, including Erich Mendelsohn, Bruno Taut and Hans Poelzig, turned away from fanciful experimentation, and turned toward rational, functional, sometimes standardized building. Beyond the Bauhaus, many other significant German-speaking architects in the 1920s responded to the same aesthetic issues and material possibilities as the school. They also responded to the promise of a “minimal dwelling” written into the new Weimar Constitution. Ernst May, Bruno Taut, and Martin Wagner, among others, built large housing blocks in Frankfurt and Berlin. The acceptance of modernist design into everyday life was the subject of publicity campaigns, well-attended public exhibitions like the Weissenhof Estate, films, and sometimes fierce public debate.

However, the most important influence on Bauhaus was modernism, a cultural movement whose origins lay as early as the 1880s, and which had already made its presence felt in Germany before the World War, despite the prevailing conservatism. The design innovations commonly associated with Gropius and the Bauhaus—the radically simplified forms, the rationality and functionality, and the idea that mass production was reconcilable with the individual artistic spirit—were already partly developed in Germany before the Bauhaus was founded. The German national designers’ organization Deutscher Werkbund was formed in 1907 by Hermann Muthesius to harness the new potentials of mass production, with a mind towards preserving Germany’s economic competitiveness with England. In its first seven years, the Werkbund came to be regarded as the authoritative body on questions of design in Germany, and was copied in other countries. Many fundamental questions of craftsmanship versus mass production, the relationship of usefulness and beauty, the practical purpose of formal beauty in a commonplace object, and whether or not a single proper form could exist, were argued out among its 1,870 members (by 1914).

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Natashah Hitti | 14 June 2018 | Leave a comment Mary Katrantzou combines Bauhaus and Arts and Crafts graphics in fashion collection

From 1919 to 1922 the school was shaped by the pedagogical and aesthetic ideas of Johannes Itten, who taught the Vorkurs or “preliminary course” that was the introduction to the ideas of the Bauhaus.[12] Itten was heavily influenced in his teaching by the ideas of Franz Cižek and Friedrich Wilhelm August Fröbel. He was also influenced in respect to aesthetics by the work of the Blaue Reiter group in Munich as well as the work of Austrian Expressionist Oskar Kokoschka. The influence of German Expressionism favoured by Itten was analogous in some ways to the fine arts side of the ongoing debate. This influence culminated with the addition of Der Blaue Reiter founding member Wassily Kandinsky to the faculty and ended when Itten resigned in late 1922. Itten was replaced by the Hungarian designer László Moholy-Nagy, who rewrote the Vorkurs with a leaning towards the New Objectivity favored by Gropius, which was analogous in some ways to the applied arts side of the debate. Although this shift was an important one, it did not represent a radical break from the past so much as a small step in a broader, more gradual socio-economic movement that had been going on at least since 1907 when van de Velde had argued for a craft basis for design while Hermann Muthesius had begun implementing industrial prototypes.[14]

Later evaluation of the Bauhaus design credo was critical of its flawed recognition of the human element, an acknowledgment of “… the dated, unattractive aspects of the Bauhaus as a projection of utopia marked by mechanistic views of human nature…Home hygiene without home atmosphere.”[41]

Emma Tucker | 11 October 2015 | 1 comment Two designs draw first place in Bauhaus Museum design competition

Even before the Nazis came to power, political pressure on Bauhaus had increased. The Nazi movement, from nearly the start, denounced the Bauhaus for its “degenerate art”, and the Nazi regime was determined to crack down on what it saw as the foreign, probably Jewish influences of “cosmopolitan modernism”.[1] Despite Gropius’s protestations that as a war veteran and a patriot his work had no subversive political intent, the Berlin Bauhaus was pressured to close in April 1933. Emigrants did succeed, however, in spreading the concepts of the Bauhaus to other countries, including the “New Bauhaus” of Chicago:[24] Mies decided to emigrate to the United States for the directorship of the School of Architecture at the Armour Institute (now Illinois Institute of Technology) in Chicago and to seek building commissions.[a] The simple engineering-oriented functionalism of stripped-down modernism, however, did lead to some Bauhaus influences living on in Nazi Germany. When Hitler’s chief engineer, Fritz Todt, began opening the new autobahn (highways) in 1935, many of the bridges and service stations were “bold examples of modernism”—among those submitting designs was Mies van der Rohe.[25]

The Bauhaus had a major impact on art and architecture trends in Western Europe, the United States, Canada and Israel in the decades following its demise, as many of the artists involved fled, or were exiled by, the Nazi regime. Tel Aviv in 2004 was named to the list of world heritage sites by the UN due to its abundance of Bauhaus architecture;[27][28] it had some 4,000 Bauhaus buildings erected from 1933 onwards.

Lizzie Fison | 27 April 2017 | 2 comments Bauhaus apartment in Tel Aviv renovated to highlight its history

Jessica Mairs | 6 December 2016 | Leave a comment 10 of Tel Aviv’s best examples of Bauhaus residential architecture

Interior designer Maayan Zusman and architect Amir Navon have renovated a flat with a challenging, boat-shaped floor plan in one of Tel Aviv’s influential Bauhaus buildings. More

Berlin architect Volker Staab has won a competition to extend the Bauhaus archive and museum in the German capital, designed by founder Walter Gropius in the 1960s. More

Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar, Dessau and BernauUNESCO World Heritage site

Mies van der Rohe repudiated Meyer’s politics, his supporters, and his architectural approach. As opposed to Gropius’s “study of essentials”, and Meyer’s research into user requirements, Mies advocated a “spatial implementation of intellectual decisions”, which effectively meant an adoption of his own aesthetics. Neither van der Rohe nor his Bauhaus students saw any projects built during the 1930s.

French architect India Mahdavi has used different shades of quartz to create bold, geometric floor patterns in the womenswear section of historic Berlin department store KaDeWe. More

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Germany’s defeat in World War I, the fall of the German monarchy and the abolition of censorship under the new, liberal Weimar Republic allowed an upsurge of radical experimentation in all the arts, which had been suppressed by the old regime. Many Germans of left-wing views were influenced by the cultural experimentation that followed the Russian Revolution, such as constructivism. Such influences can be overstated: Gropius did not share these radical views, and said that Bauhaus was entirely apolitical.[5] Just as important was the influence of the 19th century English designer William Morris, who had argued that art should meet the needs of society and that there should be no distinction between form and function.[6] Thus, the Bauhaus style, also known as the International Style, was marked by the absence of ornamentation and by harmony between the function of an object or a building and its design.

Dan Howarth | 9 September 2015 | 40 comments Design competition announced for new Bauhaus Museum

Bridget Cogley | 4 June 2018 | Leave a comment Colourful cabinetry offsets white interior of Bauhaus-era apartment in Tel Aviv

Location GermanyCriteria Cultural: ii, iv, viReference 729Inscription 1996 (20th Session)Extensions 2017Area 8.1614 haBuffer zone 59.26 ha

Meyer became director when Gropius resigned in February 1928,[1] and brought the Bauhaus its two most significant building commissions, both of which still exist: five apartment buildings in the city of Dessau, and the Bundesschule des Allgemeinen Deutschen Gewerkschaftsbundes (ADGB Trade Union School) in Bernau bei Berlin. Meyer favored measurements and calculations in his presentations to clients, along with the use of off-the-shelf architectural components to reduce costs. This approach proved attractive to potential clients. The school turned its first profit under his leadership in 1929.

Typewriter Olivetti Studio 42 designed by the Bauhaus-alumnus Xanti Schawinsky in 1936

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Architects Carmody Groarke and graphic designers A Practice For Everyday Life used Bauhaus-style colours and typography for the design of an exhibition about the celebrated art school at the Barbican gallery in London. More

The school was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919 as a merger of the Grand Ducal School of Arts and Crafts and the Weimar Academy of Fine Art. Its roots lay in the arts and crafts school founded by the Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach in 1906 and directed by Belgian Art Nouveau architect Henry van de Velde.[11] When van de Velde was forced to resign in 1915 because he was Belgian, he suggested Gropius, Hermann Obrist and August Endell as possible successors. In 1919, after delays caused by the destruction of World War I and a lengthy debate over who should head the institution and the socio-economic meanings of a reconciliation of the fine arts and the applied arts (an issue which remained a defining one throughout the school’s existence), Gropius was made the director of a new institution integrating the two called the Bauhaus.[12] In the pamphlet for an April 1919 exhibition entitled “Exhibition of Unknown Architects”, Gropius proclaimed his goal as being “to create a new guild of craftsmen, without the class distinctions which raise an arrogant barrier between craftsman and artist.” Gropius’ neologism Bauhaus references both building and the Bauhütte, a premodern guild of stonemasons.[13] The early intention was for the Bauhaus to be a combined architecture school, crafts school, and academy of the arts. In 1919 Swiss painter Johannes Itten, German-American painter Lyonel Feininger, and German sculptor Gerhard Marcks, along with Gropius, comprised the faculty of the Bauhaus. By the following year their ranks had grown to include German painter, sculptor and designer Oskar Schlemmer who headed the theater workshop, and Swiss painter Paul Klee, joined in 1922 by Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky. A tumultuous year at the Bauhaus, 1922 also saw the move of Dutch painter Theo van Doesburg to Weimar to promote De Stijl (“The Style”), and a visit to the Bauhaus by Russian Constructivist artist and architect El Lissitzky.[14]

Tel Aviv architect Kedem Shinar drew on Israel’s Bauhaus architecture and her training in Japan to create the clean lines of this bright white house in Carmey Yossef (+ movie). More

In the late 1930s, Mies van der Rohe re-settled in Chicago, enjoyed the sponsorship of the influential Philip Johnson, and became one of the pre-eminent architects in the world. Moholy-Nagy also went to Chicago and founded the New Bauhaus school under the sponsorship of industrialist and philanthropist Walter Paepcke. This school became the Institute of Design, part of the Illinois Institute of Technology. Printmaker and painter Werner Drewes was also largely responsible for bringing the Bauhaus aesthetic to America and taught at both Columbia University and Washington University in St. Louis. Herbert Bayer, sponsored by Paepcke, moved to Aspen, Colorado in support of Paepcke’s Aspen projects at the Aspen Institute. In 1953, Max Bill, together with Inge Aicher-Scholl and Otl Aicher, founded the Ulm School of Design (German: Hochschule für Gestaltung—HfG Ulm) in Ulm, Germany, a design school in the tradition of the Bauhaus. The school is notable for its inclusion of semiotics as a field of study. The school closed in 1968, but the “Ulm Model” concept continues to influence international design education.[36]

Fashion designer Mary Katrantzou has created a series of dresses, jackets and other garments that juxtapose visuals from the modernist Bauhaus movement with those from the decorative Victorian era. More

Staatliches Bauhaus (German: [ˈʃtaːtlɪçəs ˈbaʊˌhaʊs] ( listen)), commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.[1]

1921/2, Walter Gropius’ Expressionist Monument to the March Dead

Jessica Mairs | 20 February 2016 | 2 comments Thonet launches colourful outdoor versions of iconic Bauhaus chairs

Gropius’s design for the Dessau facilities was a return to the futuristic Gropius of 1914 that had more in common with the International style lines of the Fagus Factory than the stripped down Neo-classical of the Werkbund pavilion or the Völkisch Sommerfeld House.[21] During the Dessau years, there was a remarkable change in direction for the school. According to Elaine Hoffman, Gropius had approached the Dutch architect Mart Stam to run the newly founded architecture program, and when Stam declined the position, Gropius turned to Stam’s friend and colleague in the ABC group, Hannes Meyer.

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Tel Aviv is home to one of the best-preserved collections of Bauhaus and International Style architecture in the world. Micha Gross from the Israeli city’s Bauhaus Center has selected 10 of the most important examples (+ slideshow). More

One of the most important contributions of the Bauhaus is in the field of modern furniture design. The ubiquitous Cantilever chair and the Wassily Chair designed by Marcel Breuer are two examples. (Breuer eventually lost a legal battle in Germany with Dutch architect/designer Mart Stam over the rights to the cantilever chair patent. Although Stam had worked on the design of the Bauhaus’s 1923 exhibit in Weimar, and guest-lectured at the Bauhaus later in the 1920s, he was not formally associated with the school, and he and Breuer had worked independently on the cantilever concept, thus leading to the patent dispute.) The single most profitable tangible product of the Bauhaus was its wallpaper.

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The paradox of the early Bauhaus was that, although its manifesto proclaimed that the aim of all creative activity was building,[26] the school did not offer classes in architecture until 1927. During the years under Gropius (1919–1927), he and his partner Adolf Meyer observed no real distinction between the output of his architectural office and the school. So the built output of Bauhaus architecture in these years is the output of Gropius: the Sommerfeld house in Berlin, the Otte house in Berlin, the Auerbach house in Jena, and the competition design for the Chicago Tribune Tower, which brought the school much attention. The definitive 1926 Bauhaus building in Dessau is also attributed to Gropius. Apart from contributions to the 1923 Haus am Horn, student architectural work amounted to un-built projects, interior finishes, and craft work like cabinets, chairs and pottery.

The White City of Tel Aviv (Hebrew: העיר הלבנה‎, Ha-Ir HaLevana) refers to a collection of over 4,000 Bauhaus or International style buildings built in Tel Aviv from the 1930s by German Jewish architects who emigrated to the British Mandate of Palestine after the rise of the Nazis. Tel Aviv has the largest number of buildings in this style of any city in the world. In 2003, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) proclaimed Tel Aviv’s White City a World Cultural Heritage site, as “an outstanding example of new town planning and architecture in the early 20th century.”[42]

Dan Howarth | 24 August 2016 | 5 comments Kedem Shinar bases boxy Israel home on Bauhaus architecture

Weimar was in the German state of Thuringia, and the Bauhaus school received state support from the Social Democrat-controlled Thuringian state government. The school in Weimar experienced political pressure from conservative circles in Thuringian politics, increasingly so after 1923 as political tension rose. One condition placed on the Bauhaus in this new political environment was the exhibition of work undertaken at the school. This condition was met in 1923 with the Bauhaus’ exhibition of the experimental Haus am Horn.[18] The Ministry of Education placed the staff on six-month contracts and cut the school’s funding in half. On 26 December 1924 the Bauhaus issued a press release and setting the closure of the school for the end of March 1925.[19][20] At this point they had already been looking for alternative sources of funding. After the Bauhaus moved to Dessau, a school of industrial design with teachers and staff less antagonistic to the conservative political regime remained in Weimar. This school was eventually known as the Technical University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, and in 1996 changed its name to Bauhaus-University Weimar.

Established in 2000, Bauhaus Center Tel Aviv is an organization dedicated to the ongoing documentation of the architectural heritage.[43] In 2003, it hosted an exhibition on preservation of the architecture that showcased 25 buildings.[44] To further the architectural culture in the city, a small Bauhaus Museum opened in Tel Aviv in 2008, designed by Israeli architect Ron Arad.[45][46]

The entire movement of German architectural modernism was known as Neues Bauen. Beginning in June 1907, Peter Behrens’ pioneering industrial design work for the German electrical company AEG successfully integrated art and mass production on a large scale. He designed consumer products, standardized parts, created clean-lined designs for the company’s graphics, developed a consistent corporate identity, built the modernist landmark AEG Turbine Factory, and made full use of newly developed materials such as poured concrete and exposed steel. Behrens was a founding member of the Werkbund, and both Walter Gropius and Adolf Meyer worked for him in this period.

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The changes of venue and leadership resulted in a constant shifting of focus, technique, instructors, and politics. For example, the pottery shop was discontinued when the school moved from Weimar to Dessau, even though it had been an important revenue source; when Mies van der Rohe took over the school in 1930, he transformed it into a private school, and would not allow any supporters of Hannes Meyer to attend it.

The physical plant at Dessau survived World War II and was operated as a design school with some architectural facilities by the German Democratic Republic. This included live stage productions in the Bauhaus theater under the name of Bauhausbühne (“Bauhaus Stage”). After German reunification, a reorganized school continued in the same building, with no essential continuity with the Bauhaus under Gropius in the early 1920s.[40] In 1979 Bauhaus-Dessau College started to organize postgraduate programs with participants from all over the world. This effort has been supported by the Bauhaus-Dessau Foundation which was founded in 1974 as a public institution.

With the internationalism of modern architecture and design, there were many exchanges between the Vkhutemas and the Bauhaus.[10] The second Bauhaus director Hannes Meyer attempted to organise an exchange between the two schools, while Hinnerk Scheper of the Bauhaus collaborated with various Vkhutein members on the use of colour in architecture. In addition, El Lissitzky’s book Russia: an Architecture for World Revolution published in German in 1930 featured several illustrations of Vkhutemas/Vkhutein projects there.

Rose Etherington | 2 September 2009 | Leave a comment Cozy Furniture by Hannes Grebin

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Categories: Bauhaus1919 establishments in Germany1933 disestablishments in GermanyArt educationArchitecture schoolsArt movementsArt schools in GermanyExpressionist architectureGerman architectural stylesGerman architectureGraphic designHochschule für GestaltungIndustrial designModernist architectureModernist architecture in GermanySchool buildings completed in 1926Walter Gropius buildingsWeimar cultureWorld Heritage Sites in Germany

Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, and Moholy-Nagy re-assembled in Britain during the mid 1930s to live and work in the Isokon project before the war caught up with them. Gropius and Breuer went to teach at the Harvard Graduate School of Design and worked together before their professional split. Their collaboration produced The Aluminum City Terrace in New Kensington, Pennsylvania and the Alan I W Frank House in Pittsburgh, among other projects. The Harvard School was enormously influential in America in the late 1920s and early 1930s, producing such students as Philip Johnson, I. M. Pei, Lawrence Halprin and Paul Rudolph, among many others.

Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005

The influence of the Bauhaus on design education was significant. One of the main objectives of the Bauhaus was to unify art, craft, and technology, and this approach was incorporated into the curriculum of the Bauhaus. The structure of the Bauhaus Vorkurs (preliminary course) reflected a pragmatic approach to integrating theory and application. In their first year, students learnt the basic elements and principles of design and colour theory, and experimented with a range of materials and processes.[37][38] This approach to design education became a common feature of architectural and design school in many countries. For example, the Shillito Design School in Sydney stands as a unique link between Australia and the Bauhaus. The colour and design syllabus of the Shillito Design School was firmly underpinned by the theories and ideologies of the Bauhaus. Its first year foundational course mimicked the Vorkurs and focused on the elements and principles of design plus colour theory and application. The founder of the school, Phyllis Shillito, which opened in 1962 and closed in 1980, firmly believed that “A student who has mastered the basic principles of design, can design anything from a dress to a kitchen stove”.[39]

Natasha Levy | 12 November 2017 | 2 comments Amir Navon and Maayan Zusman employ space-saving tricks for tight Tel Aviv apartment 

In 1928, the Hungarian painter Alexander Bortnyik founded a school of design in Budapest called Miihely (also “Muhely”[29] or “Mugely”[30]), which means “the studio”.[31] Located on the seventh floor of a house on Nagymezo Street,[31] it was meant to be the Hungarian equivalent to the Bauhaus.[32] The literature sometimes refers to it—in an oversimplified manner—as “the Budapest Bauhaus”.[33] Bortnyik was a great admirer of László Moholy-Nagy and had met Walter Gropius in Weimar between 1923 and 1925.[34] Moholy-Nagy himself taught at the Miihely. Victor Vasarely, a pioneer of Op Art, studied at this school before establishing in Paris in 1930.[35]

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The Bauhaus was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. The German term Bauhaus—literally “building house”—was understood as meaning “School of Building”, but in spite of its name and the fact that its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus did not have an architecture department during its first years of existence. Nonetheless, it was founded with the idea of creating a “total” work of art (Gesamtkunstwerk) in which all arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style later became one of the most influential currents in modern design, Modernist architecture and art, design and architectural education.[2] The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography.[3]

Two houses originally designed by Walter Gropius for professors at the Bauhaus art school in Dessau, Germany, have been rebuilt as a minimalist arrangement of geometric shapes by Berlin office Bruno Fioretti Marquez. More

The main building of the Bauhaus-University Weimar (built 1904–1911, designed by Henry van de Velde to house the sculptors’ studio at the Grand Ducal Saxon Art School. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996).

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German designer Hannes Grebin has created a range of living room furniture based on 1970s German domestic decor. More

News: visitors to the museum at the Dessau campus of the Bauhaus can now spend the night in the dormitories of the former German Modernist design school (+ slideshow). More

Two teams, from Barcelona and New York, have been awarded joint first place in a competition to design a new home for the Bauhaus Museum Dessau (+ slideshow). More

1 Bauhaus and German modernism 1.1 Bauhaus and Vkhutemas 2 History of the Bauhaus 2.1 Weimar 2.2 Dessau 2.3 Berlin 3 Architectural output 4 Impact 4.1 The White City 5 Bauhaus staff and students 6 See also 7 Footnotes 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

Movie: Thonet is launching an outdoor range of classic chairs by Mart Stam, Marcel Breuer and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, reveals CEO Thorsten Muck in this exclusive movie Dezeen produced for the German brand. More

Dezeen promotion: architecture and design products database Architonic present their selection of approved Bauhaus designs. More

Lesson Quiz & Worksheet – Bauhaus Movement Architecture Quiz Course

Ali Morris | 1 July 2017 | 3 comments Jun Sekino completes Bauhaus-inspired beach house in eastern Thailand

The popular conception of the Bauhaus as the source of extensive Weimar-era working housing is not accurate. Two projects, the apartment building project in Dessau and the Törten row housing also in Dessau, fall in that category, but developing worker housing was not the first priority of Gropius nor Mies. It was the Bauhaus contemporaries Bruno Taut, Hans Poelzig and particularly Ernst May, as the city architects of Berlin, Dresden and Frankfurt respectively, who are rightfully credited with the thousands of socially progressive housing units built in Weimar Germany. The housing Taut built in south-west Berlin during the 1920s, close to the U-Bahn stop Onkel Toms Hütte, is still occupied.

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Striking green, blue and copper accents create focal points within this otherwise monochromatic apartment in Tel Aviv, Israel, which is set within a 1930s Bauhaus building. More

Rima Sabina Aouf | 17 December 2016 | 4 comments Gonzalez Hinz Zabala’s design for new Bauhaus Museum Dessau breaks ground

Architect Jun Sekino employed clean-lined geometric forms and patinated concrete walls to create a tropical take on modernist architecture for this house in Thailand’s Tha Mai district. More

Although neither the Nazi Party nor Adolf Hitler had a cohesive architectural policy before they came to power in 1933, Nazi writers like Wilhelm Frick and Alfred Rosenberg had already labeled the Bauhaus “un-German” and criticized its modernist styles, deliberately generating public controversy over issues like flat roofs. Increasingly through the early 1930s, they characterized the Bauhaus as a front for communists and social liberals. Indeed, a number of communist students loyal to Meyer moved to the Soviet Union when he was fired in 1930.

Ben Hobson | 15 January 2016 | 2 comments Staab Architekten chosen to extend Berlin’s Bauhaus-Archiv with “almost frail” design

Amy Frearson | 15 May 2012 | Leave a comment Architonic presents Bauhaus: The Originals

Bauhaus Architecture: History & Characteristics Related Study Materials Related Recently Updated Popular Explore Subjects

Adobe is releasing five fonts based on designs by prolific Bauhaus figures, which have been revived by German typographer Erik Spiekermann and a group of students. More

Amy Frearson | 23 October 2015 | 1 comment Vitra Design Museum hosts major Bauhaus retrospective

Light colours and glass walls create the illusion of extra space within this Bauhaus apartment in Tel Aviv, which has been refurbished by architect Amir Navon of Studio 6b Design School and interior designer Maayan Zusman. More

The school existed in three German cities: Weimar from 1919 to 1925, Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and Berlin from 1932 to 1933, under three different architect-directors: Walter Gropius from 1919 to 1928, Hannes Meyer from 1928 to 1930 and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 until 1933, when the school was closed by its own leadership under pressure from the Nazi regime, having been painted as a centre of communist intellectualism. Although the school was closed, the staff continued to spread its idealistic precepts as they left Germany and emigrated all over the world.[4]

Ceiling with light fixtures for stage in the Festsaal, Dessau

In the next two years under Meyer, the architectural focus shifted away from aesthetics and towards functionality. There were major commissions: one from the city of Dessau for five tightly designed “Laubenganghäuser” (apartment buildings with balcony access), which are still in use today, and another for the Bundesschule des Allgemeinen Deutschen Gewerkschaftsbundes (ADGB Trade Union School) in Bernau bei Berlin. Meyer’s approach was to research users’ needs and scientifically develop the design solution.

Foyer of the Bauhaus-University Weimar with Jugendstil staircase

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