Veranda Definition Wikipedia

March 30, 2018 1:39 am by ramsaystirling
Veranda definition patios etymology
Veranda definition
Veranda Definition Wikipedia

By contrast, a ‘Juliet balcony’ does not protrude out of the building. It is usually part of an upper floor, with a balustrade only at the front, like a small Loggia. Modern Juliet balconies often involve a metal barrier placed in front of a high window which can be opened.

A balcony (from Italian: balcone, scaffold; cf. Old High German balcho, beam, balk; probably cognate with Persian term بالكانه bālkāneh or its older variant پالكانه pālkāneh;[1]) is a platform projecting from the wall of a building, supported by columns or console brackets, and enclosed with a balustrade, usually above the ground floor.

Sometimes balconies are adapted for ceremonial purposes, e.g. that of St. Peter’s Basilica at Rome, when the newly elected pope gives his blessing urbi et orbi after the conclave. Inside churches, balconies are sometimes provided for the singers, and in banqueting halls and the like for the musicians.

The veranda has featured quite prominently in Australian vernacular architecture and first became widespread in colonial buildings during the 1850s. The Victorian Filigree architecture style is used by residential (particularly terraced houses in Australia and New Zealand) and commercial buildings (particularly hotels) across Australia and features decorative screens of wrought iron, cast iron “lace” or wood fretwork. The Queenslander is a style of residential construction in Queensland, Australia, which is adapted to subtropical climates and characterized by its large verandas.

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Architecture styles notable for verandas[edit] Australia[edit]

Awning Canopy Deck Engawa Gallery Lanai (architecture) Loggia Overhang (architecture) Patio Porch sitting Terrace

The bandeirista style house from Brazil typically has a veranda positioned to face the sunrise.[5]

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A veranda or verandah is a porch or long, open room with a roof over it.[1] It can be an open area with a roof that is built around a building at the center. It usually has a line of columns or pillars holding up the roof.[2] There is often a railing around the outside. Verandahs often cover the whole front and sides of a building.[3]

1 Types 2 Functions 3 Notable balconies 4 Balcony names 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Juliet balconies are named after Shakespeare’s Juliet, who, in traditional stagings of the play Romeo and Juliet, is courted by Romeo while she is on her balcony—though the play itself, as written, makes no mention of a balcony, but only of a window at which Juliet appears. Various types of balcony have been used in depicting this famous scene; however the ‘balcony of Juliet’ at Villa Capuleti in Verona is not a ‘Juliet balcony’, as it does indeed protrude from the wall of the villa (see photograph below). The Julian Balcony[2] is a slightly larger version of the well-known Juliet Balcony, protruding slightly from the wall, unlike the smaller Juliet balcony, and spanning at least two windows rather than one; this variation was made famous by Julian Assange’s numerous addresses to the press from his refuge in the Embassy of Ecuador, London.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word verandah came from India. It is found in several native languages there. However, it may have come from the Portuguese or older Spanish words varanda (baranda or barandilla in modern Spanish). But these words were also borrowed from Indian languages.[4]

WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange at the Embassy of Ecuador, London.

1 Architecture styles notable for verandas 1.1 Australia 1.2 Brazil 1.3 Japan 1.4 Poland 1.5 United States 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Manufacturers’ names for their balcony designs often refer to the origin of the design, e.g. Italian balcony, Spanish balcony, Mexican balcony, Ecuadorian balcony. They also refer to the shape and form of the pickets used for the balcony railings, e.g. knuckle balcony.

One of the most famous uses of a balcony is in traditional stagings of the scene that has come to be known as the “balcony scene” in William Shakespeare’s tragedy, Romeo and Juliet (though the scene makes no mention of a balcony, but only of a window at which Juliet appears).

External links[edit] Look up balcony in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

In theatres, the balcony was formerly a stage-box, but the name is now usually confined to the part of the auditorium above the dress circle and below the gallery.

The word “verandah” comes from India. Word has been modified from a Persian word ‘Bar-Amada’, which means a place which leads to out-side. Two words from Sanskrit were combined and changed in Bengali and then borrowed by English. “Vahir”( “বাহির” ) means “outside” and “Andar” (“অন্দর”) means inside a room. It means something that is outdoors but inside a room or covered area.

Winifred Rawson tending her son on the veranda of The Hollow, near Mackay, Queensland, ~1873

The Creole Townhouse in New Orleans, Louisiana is also noted for its prominent use of verandas.

Categories: Architectural elementsBarbadian architectureGarden featuresHindi words and phrases

See also[edit] Deck Jharokha Loggia Mashrabiya Mezzanine Minstrel’s gallery Patio Porch Verandah Balconing References[edit]

The Creole townhouse in New Orleans, Louisiana, is also noted for its prominent use of verandas. In fact, most houses constructed in the Southern United States before the advent of air conditioning were built with a covered front porch or veranda.

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Although the form “verandah” is correct and very common, some spell the word without an h (the Oxford English Dictionary gives the h version as a possible spelling, and the Guardian Style Guide says “veranda not verandah”).

References[edit] External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Verandas. Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Verandah. Archnet discussion forum on Verandah British Empire Architecture Ajay Sinha Discovers Experimentation in Ancient Indian Temple Design See more verandahs in the State Library of Queensland’s collection

A veranda or verandah is a roofed, open-air gallery or porch, attached to the outside of a building.[1][2] A veranda is often partly enclosed by a railing and frequently extends across the front and sides of the structure.[3]

Related pages[change | change source] Awning Canopy Deck Loggia Patio Terrace References[change | change source] Other websites[change | change source] The Simple English Wiktionary has a definition for: verandah.

Verandah Archnet discussion forum on Verandah British Empire Architecture Ajay Sinha Discovers Experimentation in Ancient Indian Temple Design See more verandas in the Becoming Queensland online exhibition

Categories: Architectural elementsGarden featuresFloorsParts of a theatre

Winifred Rawson nursing her son on the verandah of The Hollow, near Mackay, Australia, ca. 1873

Spanish Colonial architecture (as well as the “Mission style” revivalist version that became popular in the Western United States in the early 1900s) commonly incorporates verandas, both on the exterior of buildings and, in cases of buildings with courtyards, along the interior walls of courtyards. In some cases, homes were constructed with every room opening into a courtyard veranda, rather than interior corridors or direct connections to other rooms.

Although the form “verandah” is correct and very common, some authorities prefer the version without an h (the Concise Oxford English Dictionary gives the h version as a variant and The Guardian Style Guide says “veranda not verandah”).[4]

The veranda has been an important part of local Australian architecture. It began to become common in colonial buildings during the 1850s.

In Heavy Snowfall region in Japan , especially Aomori and Niigata Prefectures, The structures are developed called Gangi-Zukuri(ja:雁木造) since Edo period. For example, The total length of Gangi in old Takada city is over 16 Kilometers.[6]

1 History of term 2 Verandahs in styles of architecture 3 Related pages 4 References 5 Other websites

In Poland, the word “weranda” is commonly used for the unheated roofed annex to a house, without walls or with glass walls.[citation needed]

A unit with a regular balcony will have doors that open up onto a small patio with railings, a small Patio garden or Skyrise greenery. A French balcony is actually a false balcony, with doors that open to a railing with a view of the courtyard or the surrounding scenery below.

The traditional Maltese balcony is a wooden closed balcony projecting from a wall.

Balconies are part of the sculptural shape of the building allowing for irregular facades without the cost of irregular internal structures.[3]

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